Peter Lyckberg

Speakers 2016Posted by Conny Forsberg Jun 27, 2015 17:55:22
Peter and his wife Nadia.

Peter Lyckberg was born 1962 in Göteborg, Sweden, a district rich in pegmatite with various mineralisations which Peter started to study already as a child. At the age of 8 he found his first great pocket in a pegmatite and found plumbomicrolite, a mineral new to Sweden. In the coming years he found, explored many unknown mineral and gem carrying pegmatites and mineral deposits, first in Scandinavia, then on all continents. He studied gem rough from India, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Russia, the United States and African countries in early years (pre teen) and later worldwide material.

He started his first subscription to a gemmological journal in 1972 (Lapidary Journal) followed shortly by many others. In 1973 at the young age of 11 he participated in the first field geologist courses at the University of Göteborg and within a few years visited and explored many of the Swedish mines in production for iron, silver, tungsten, zinc, lead, feldspar and also worked at the Swedish Geological Survey with bedrock mapping of Tjörn Island and the Göta Älv Valley as well as soil mapping of Stenungsön by the age of 15.

At age 13 he also was consultant for the Swedish Geological Survey regarding 40 ancient deposits of silver, gold and Mn deposits in Dalsland and Värmland countries which he had spent summers locating in the deep forests. Here drilling, mining and publishing later took place based on his original exploration and information. In 1977 and 1981 he published his first reports on pegmatite deposits and had found giant topaz crystals to 80 kg, large beryl and schorl tourmaline crystals to 3 m long in Sweden. For some years he specialized in rare minerals and REE minerals. He built his own faceting machine and learned to facet self collected gems.

His Civil engineering studies at the Chalmers University of Technology included research work during some years at the Yxsjöberg Scheelite-Cu deposit, and extensive studies of the Malmberget Magnetite deposit in N Sweden where some unique pockets of gem quality golden calcite was discovered and documented.

His geological studies continued in various parts of the world including the gem deposits of California, Maine, Minas Gerais and NE Brazil, Namibia, Madagascar, Norway, Finland, Ukraine, Russia, Pakistan. In total around 2500 developed mines and quarries were visited and many more deposits yet to be developed.

Peter has been an active lecturer since 1985 leading many field expeditions and he has been a long time member of the editorial board of several mineralogical journals including Mineralien Welt. His lectures have been conducted primarily in Swedish, Norwegian, English, German, French and Russian languages.

In 1992 Peter was the first non Soviet scientist since the Russian revolution in 1917 to visit, photograph and study the classic Emerald-alexandrite deposits at Tokovaya-Izumrud as well as the gem pegmatite and amethyst veins around Alabashka-Mursinka in the Urals, Russia.

He was the first non local to explore the high altitude mines in the Haramosh Mountains, Pakistan where aquamarine and topaz is mined. Peter was also the first and last non Soviet scientist to study the Volodarsk deposits, Ukraine in situ underground. He has been advisor in the study and development-mining of many gem deposits and in engineering fields. For the past 18 years he works as a Nuclear Inspector at the European Commission, General Directorate for Energy. He is an independent researcher in mineral, ore and gem deposits. During the years he has cooperated with and been an advisor to institutions, companies, journals, museums, independent miners and collectors all over the world.

Peter has written over 40 papers on geology-mineralogy-gemmology, contributed to and edited several books and papers. Among them the first visits and reports on the Ural Emerald-Alexandrite Mines and The Murzinka-Alabashka Gem Pegmatites since before the Russian Revolution, the Paprok Tourmaline Pegmatite in Afghanistan, the year 2000 find of gem Heliodor in Finland, the greatest gem crystals found in the European Union, the Volodarsk Chamber Pegmatites yielding Heliodor and Topaz.

By 1987 his field collected samples were so numerous that he during ten years donated and gave away most to museums, universities and collectors all over the world. Some of these specimens were very unusual. He is now keeping a reference research collection for further studies and research. He is doing research together with colleagues at various institutions and participating in scientific conferences as time allows him to.

His current projects involve analyses of gem quality minerals, conditions of formation, reasons/mechanism for coloration. He is currently writing a 600+ page book on the 100 most important crystal and gem mines of the world together with Dr Peter Bancroft of Fallbrook, California. He is also working on an introductory book on minerals and gems for kids and novices. In the future is also upcoming a book on some specific localities he has unique documentation of, and a book on historical gemology.

Peter's interest is focused on the scientific side. Although he is an expert in evaluating mineral specimens, any financial side is utterly boring and of little interest.

Peter is married to his wife Nadia who was a Head of Department of Business Education and teacher of economics at University now turned housewife to take care of their newborn son. Peter has one daughter and two sons. In his spare time he enjoys the mountains and the ocean, particularly alpine skiing, snorkelling, exploring new countries, culture and sailing. He has a lifelong interest in science, travelling, numismatics, architecture, photography, anthropology and music, besides geology-mineralogy-gemmology.

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